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Peru Facts & Figures

Home > Peru Facts & Figures

  

BASIC FACTS

Capital
Lima

Language
The official languages are Spanish, Aymara and Quechua.

Area size
1280000 sq. km


Area comparison
Slightly larger than Scandinavia

Population and future estimates

2002 26.8 million UNFPA
2015 est 32.0 million UNFPA
 

PEOPLE

Ethnic groups
Mostly of mixed and Indian descent


Religion
Christianity, mainly Roman Catholicism


Percentage urban population
73.5 percent (2002)


Percentage of population under 15
33.6 percent

  

USEFUL INFORMATION

Time zone
GMT -5


Climate description
The Pacific coastal area has a dry desert climate which has relatively cold temperatures for a tropical lattitude with little difference from month to month, fog and drizzle in the northern coastal areas. There is a noticeable reduction in temperature in the Andean mountain and plateaux areas throughout the year with a single rainy season between November and March. Tropical climate with high temperatures and humidity all year round in the eastern lowlands of the Amazon basin.

Currency
New Sol


Telephone dialling code
(+) 51

 

 

STANDARD OF LIVING

Percentage of malnourished children
7 percent


Percentage of undernourished population
11 percent


Literacy - average
85.0 percent


Literacy - male
91.3 percent


Literacy - female
80.3 percent


Human development index (HDI rank)
85


Infant mortality
30 per 1,000 live births


Child mortality - deaths before the age of five
39 per 1,000 live births


Maternal mortality
410 per 100,000 live births (2000)


Life expectancy
69.8 years


Corruption index (1=least corrupt, 145=most corrupt)
67


Population with access to improved water
80 percent


Population with access to improved sanitation
71 percent


Landlines telephones
66 per 1,000 people


Internet users
93.5 per 1,000 people


TVs
148 per 1,000 people


Radios
273 per 1,000 people

 
 
ECONOMY & AID

Percentage of population living on less than US$1 a day
37.7 percent


GNI per capita, Atlas method
2140 current US$ (2003)


GDP/GNI
60.6 current US$ billions (2003)


GDP Economic growth (annual percentage)
3.8 percent (2003)


External aid
23635 US$'000 (2002)


 

 

HEALTH

Physicians
103 per 100,000 people (1990-2003 average)


Percentage HIV+ (adults aged 15-49)
0.5 percent


Kind of malaria present
In some areas there is a risk of P. vivax malaria or fully chloroquine-sensitive P. falciparum only. In others there is a high risk of falciparum malaria plus drug resistance, or moderate/low risk falciparum malaria but high drug resistance. percent (2004-2005)


Kind of malaria present
In some areas there is a risk of P. vivax malaria or fully chloroquine-sensitive P. falciparum only. In others there is a high risk of falciparum malaria plus drug resistance, or moderate/low risk falciparum malaria but high drug resistance.


TB cases
246 per 100,000 people (2002)

 

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Home *About Us * Peru Highlights * Volunteer Work & Community Projects * Travel Info * Photo Gallery * Ecotourism Guide * Travel Stories * Language Schools * Books * Handicrafts * Links * Search * Contact Us

Tour Operators in Peru * Overseas Tour Operators * Mountain Biking * Rafting * Climbing * Birdwatching

TREKKING IN PERU: Classic Inca Trail / Short Inca Trail / Salkantay / Ausangate / Lares / Choquequirao / Vilcabamba / Huaraz 

DESTINATION GUIDE: Lima / Cusco / Machu Picchu / Sacred Valley  / Arequipa / Puno / Huaraz / Nazca / Iquitos / Manu / Tambopata

RECOMMENDED HOTELS: Lima / Cusco / Machu Picchu / Sacred Valley / Arequipa / Puno / Huaraz / Nazca / Iquitos / Jungle Lodges

  

 

Andean Travel Web Guide to Peru. Office Address: La Casa Cultural, Avenida Pardo 540, Cusco, Peru (just 2 minutes walk from the Koricancha Inca Temple of the Sun). If you are coming to Cusco please bring a couple of second hand clothes, toys, school equipment and drop them off in our office. We will help distribute the items to people who really need them in small village schools and communities in the Andes. For more details visit our web page www.andeantravelweb.com/peru/projects  A map of our office can be found by clicking here.  Copyright Andean Travel Web Guide to Peru 2000-2008. All material used within this web site is original work and is subject to international copyright law. Unauthorized reproduction is strictly prohibited without prior permission from the editor. This web page was last updated in April 2008. Website designed by AndeanVisionWebDesignStudio